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Superseded / Deprecated
The feature described in this article has been superseded by a newer feature. This feature still works in PICO-8, but the new feature should be used instead. See the article's "Superseded by..." section for specific details.
shr( num, bits )
Shifts the bits of a number to the right.
The number.

The number of bits to shift.

The shr() function takes a number and a bit count, and returns the result of shifting the bits of the number to the right by that count.

Numbers in PICO-8 are stored using a 32-bit fixed point format, with 16 bits for the integer portion, 16 bits for the fractional portion, and a Two's Complement representation for negative and positive values. Bit shifting uses the entire number representation. (See examples below.)

shr() performs an "arithmetic shift," which means that the sign of the number is preserved. Arithmetic right shift preserves the highest bit while also shifting a copy of it to the right, which effectively preserves the sign in Two's Complement representation.

The alternative to an arithmetic shift is a "logical shift", which fills the left bits with 0. See lshr().

Superseded by >> operator[]

The >> operator added in 0.2.0 performs the same function as shr() and is now the recommended way to shift bits right, as it uses fewer tokens, costs fewer cycles at runtime, and runs on the real host CPU much more efficiently. Simply replace shr(a,b) with a>>b.


-- 8 = 0b00001000 binary
-- 1 = 0b00000001 binary
print(shr(8, 3))  -- 1

-- 1.000 = 0b0001.0000 binary
-- 0.125 = 0b0000.0010 binary
print(shr(1, 3))  -- 0.125

-- -1.000 = 0b1111111111111111.0 binary (two's complement)
-- -0.125 = 0b1111111111111111.111 binary
print(shr(-1,3))  -- -0.125

print(8 >> 3)     -- 1, preferred method

See also[]