(I intended to put a full PICO-8 starter tutorial here. Until I or someone else does, here are links to some resources to get started.)
Dylan Bennett's Game Development with PICO-8 is a zine. The first issue introduces the major topics and walks through some examples.
The PICO-8 Zine is a collection of articles and tutorials on PICO-8 subjects, written by multiple authors and edited by Arnaud DeBock. Most articles are intended for beginners.
Some people have made video tutorials and uploaded them to YouTube:
Tassilo Rau's How to Make Games With PICO-8 was being worked on, and users could pre-order the book and get early access to drafts.